Breaking News
Investing Pro 0
NEW! Get Actionable Insights with InvestingPro+ Try 7 Days Free

After Stellar 2021, Markets Could Remain Strong In 2022, But Beware Rising Risks

By (Charley Blaine/ MarketsJan 04, 2022 11:15
After Stellar 2021, Markets Could Remain Strong In 2022, But Beware Rising Risks
By (Charley Blaine/   |  Jan 04, 2022 11:15
Saved. See Saved Items.
This article has already been saved in your Saved Items

After markets produced some of the biggest gains in the last 20 years during 2021, what can investors expect next?

History suggests that the momentum should continue in 2022, but investors could also face more stress in the coming year from an array of worries about the coronavirus, inflation and interest rates and politics, foreign and domestic.

As such, one hears Wall Street pundits talking a lot about the need for caution and realistic patience. Markets, they say, will have a good year, but they'll be volatile. Maybe not as volatile as they were in early 2020 when panic over COVID-19 pressured the S&P 500 lower by 35% in about a month.

However, that's not the case now. The SPX started 2022 by closing at a record 4,796.56 during the first day of trade.

That occurred after the broad benchmark finished 2021 at 4,766.18, up 26.9% from 2020, its best performance since 2019, its third-best showing since 1997's 31% gain.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average rose 18.8% in 2021, and the NASDAQ Composite added 21.4%.

The fact is the US stock market has been on a durable roll since the 2008-2009 financial crisis.

SPX Weekly 2019-2021
SPX Weekly 2019-2021

The S&P 500 has closed higher for the year 10 out of the past 13 years, and during the years it didn't finish higher, it ended the year flat.

There are many reasons to think this streak can continue.

The domestic economy is growing. Consumer spending overall is strong. Employment is expanding, with the Labor Department expected to report on Friday that nonfarm payrolls grew by 400,000 in December and the unemployment rate fell to 4.1% from 4.2%.

Corporate earnings, the real fuel for stock prices, are booming. Third-quarter earnings were up 27.1% from a year earlier, and it would take a major shock to derail the trend.

Tech stocks are still the market power players. Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) briefly sported a $3 trillion market cap on Monday afternoon. Before markets opened, Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA) gave investors a happy jolt by announcing 2021 deliveries jumped 87% over 2021 to 936,000. Analysts had expected 897,000 deliveries. The company produced 932,000 vehicles last year, half at its manufacturing facility in Shanghai.

Tesla shares were up more than 13% as of Monday's close, top among S&P 500 and NASDAQ 100 stocks. The EV automaker's shares jumped 50% during 2021.


Its market capitalization was approaching $1.2 trillion, fifth among U.S. companies, after Apple (whose market cap at day's end was $2.99 trillion), Microsoft (NASDAQ:MSFT), Google parent Alphabet (NASDAQ:GOOGL) and Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN).

While the COVID-19 pandemic is proving stubborn, current research suggests the Omicron variant, which made its appearance around the Thanksgiving weekend in November, could be a milder form of the virus. Better still, Scott Gottlieb, former Food and Drug Administration Commissioner, told CNBC on Monday that Omicron may become less of a threat perhaps in weeks.

If the research is right and people continue to get vaccinated, he added, by the fall COVID may be far less of a threat. In the future, he suggested, Americans will get annual COVID shots, much like they do now for the flu.

But there are still many risks. These include:

1. Rising interest rates

The Federal Reserve thinks it's time to start weaning the U.S. economy off the massive amounts of cash it has pumped into the economy since 2020 to prevent it from freezing up. Since then, however, inflation has emerged as a problem. Gasoline prices are up nearly 50%. Freight rates, food prices, prices for new and used cars have jumped. Workers have demanded higher wages and can back up their demands by quitting jobs.

The most immediate tool the Fed has to fight inflation is to raise interest rates, which would help solve a second issue. The Fed's federal funds rate (the rate it wants banks to charge each other for overnight loans) is effectively zero and has been since COVID erupted. The Fed's policy has helped fuel the stock market resurgence starting in the spring of 2020. It's also fueled new and existing home sales and large investor purchases of homes and apartments to rent.

The central bank is expected to start raising rates possibly in the fall, two or three increases this year.

Bond yields moved higher Monday, in fact, in expectation of higher rates. The wildly followed 10-year Treasury yield hit 1.628%, the highest yield since peaking at 1.746% on March 31.

So, is a rate increase the end of the world? Not right away. But a rate-increase campaign must be managed carefully. The Fed started to raise rates in 2003 after cutting them sharply to help the economy weather the effects of the 9/11 terror attacks. It took three to four years before they began to weigh on markets and contributed to the 2008-2009 crash.

2. Richly valued stocks vs. rising rates

Among S&P 500 stocks, 434 finished 2021 higher for the year. Of those, 96 were up more than 50% on an annual basis along with 23 stocks listed on the 30-component Dow Index.

In addition, 74 NASDAQ 100 stocks finished the year higher.


Both vaccine maker Moderna (NASDAQ:MRNA) and cybersecurity software and hardware provider Fortinet (NASDAQ:FTNT) were up more than 100% for 2021.

Apple gained 34% in 2021 alone and was up 2.5% on Monday. NVIDIA (NASDAQ:NVDA), whose chips power video games and the systems used to run cryptocurrency networks, added 125%.

At the same time, many smaller cap stocks failed to match the gaudy returns of their bigger brethren. Worse, the number of stocks making new highs lagged the number making new lows as the year wound down.

As such, the risk is this: If rates move too high (let's say +5%), stocks will react badly. That's what happened during the 1987 market blow-off; it was also a major contributor to the 2008-09 financial crisis.

3. Continuing inflationary pressures

These aren't going away yet and they will weigh on stocks.

These appeared after the eruption of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, which disrupted the global trading system so much that no one could predict when a shipment of goods—from chips and electronic assemblies to cars and even the guides used in kitchen cabinet assembly—might actually be delivered.

Another inflationary driver: people quit their jobs in droves during the pandemic, forcing employers to raise wages in order to continue hiring.

An additional catalyst: OPEC and friends trimmed back global oil supplies. Result: Retail gasoline prices in the United States jumped 45% in 2021.

4. Stubborn persistence of COVID-19

Remember last spring when there was brief global relief that pandemic numbers were decreasing and maybe one didn't need to mask up? That stalled out thanks to the worldwide spread of both the Delta and Omicron coronavirus variants.

Omicron appeared in late November and spread so quickly that reopened theaters on Broadway had to shut down again almost immediately, restaurants saw business fall off abruptly, and cruise ships seemed unable to prevent the virus from infecting passengers and crews.

Shares of Red Robin Gourmet Burgers (NASDAQ:RRGB), a casual eatery chain, doubled in the first quarter on hopes the worst was over.

RRGB Weekly
RRGB Weekly

But the stock slumped 30% in the third quarter and an additional 28.3% in the fourth quarter as COVID worries made customers wary of dining inside restaurants.

5. Escalating global tensions

With Russia's designs on more of Ukraine, geopolitical tensions are accelerating. China's interest in gaining control of Taiwan and Iran's closing in on development of a viable nuclear weapon add to the headwinds.

Factor in the effects of climate change which include monster storms, wildfires, raging winter weather, plus the difficulty of getting the global community to come to a consensus on how to attack the problem and there's yet an additional reason to be jittery.

6. The probability of bitterly fought U.S. mid-term elections

Many fear the process could erupt in violence like the Jan. 6, 2021 riot at the U.S. Capitol building. Along with increased uncertainty, the process and potential events surrounding it could reduce confidence in American institutions.

Invest with your eyes open

Stock prices don't necessarily dive at the hint of higher interest rates. Inflation isn't always a bad development, especially if it enables a company to raise prices and boost profitability, making their shares more attractive to investors.

But both developments add uncertainty to how any investors think about where to put their money.

Still, global tensions, COVID-19 (with all its variants) and climate change are all adding more layers of uncertainty into the market environment.

While the fundamentals (job growth, profit growth, sales growth) provide solid investing opportunities as 2022 kicks off, one shouldn't ignore the adjacent uncertainties.

After Stellar 2021, Markets Could Remain Strong In 2022, But Beware Rising Risks

Related Articles

After Stellar 2021, Markets Could Remain Strong In 2022, But Beware Rising Risks

Add a Comment

Comment Guidelines

We encourage you to use comments to engage with users, share your perspective and ask questions of authors and each other. However, in order to maintain the high level of discourse we’ve all come to value and expect, please keep the following criteria in mind: 

  • Enrich the conversation
  • Stay focused and on track. Only post material that’s relevant to the topic being discussed.
  • Be respectful. Even negative opinions can be framed positively and diplomatically.
  •  Use standard writing style. Include punctuation and upper and lower cases.
  • NOTE: Spam and/or promotional messages and links within a comment will be removed
  • Avoid profanity, slander or personal attacks directed at an author or another user.
  • Don’t Monopolize the Conversation. We appreciate passion and conviction, but we also believe strongly in giving everyone a chance to air their thoughts. Therefore, in addition to civil interaction, we expect commenters to offer their opinions succinctly and thoughtfully, but not so repeatedly that others are annoyed or offended. If we receive complaints about individuals who take over a thread or forum, we reserve the right to ban them from the site, without recourse.
  • Only English comments will be allowed.

Perpetrators of spam or abuse will be deleted from the site and prohibited from future registration at’s discretion.

Write your thoughts here
Are you sure you want to delete this chart?
Post also to:
Replace the attached chart with a new chart ?
Your ability to comment is currently suspended due to negative user reports. Your status will be reviewed by our moderators.
Please wait a minute before you try to comment again.
Thanks for your comment. Please note that all comments are pending until approved by our moderators. It may therefore take some time before it appears on our website.
Comments (1)
Pedro Gonzalez
Pedro Gonzalez Jan 05, 2022 6:05
Saved. See Saved Items.
This comment has already been saved in your Saved Items
5 stocks driving a stellar rally its all great until the music stops
Are you sure you want to delete this chart?
Replace the attached chart with a new chart ?
Your ability to comment is currently suspended due to negative user reports. Your status will be reviewed by our moderators.
Please wait a minute before you try to comment again.
Add Chart to Comment
Confirm Block

Are you sure you want to block %USER_NAME%?

By doing so, you and %USER_NAME% will not be able to see any of each other's's posts.

%USER_NAME% was successfully added to your Block List

Since you’ve just unblocked this person, you must wait 48 hours before renewing the block.

Report this comment

I feel that this comment is:

Comment flagged

Thank You!

Your report has been sent to our moderators for review
Our Apps
© 2007-2022 Fusion Media Limited. All Rights Reserved.
Risk Disclosure: Trading in financial instruments and/or cryptocurrencies involves high risks including the risk of losing some, or all, of your investment amount, and may not be suitable for all investors. Prices of cryptocurrencies are extremely volatile and may be affected by external factors such as financial, regulatory or political events. Trading on margin increases the financial risks.
Before deciding to trade in financial instrument or cryptocurrencies you should be fully informed of the risks and costs associated with trading the financial markets, carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite, and seek professional advice where needed.
Fusion Media would like to remind you that the data contained in this website is not necessarily real-time nor accurate. The data and prices on the website are not necessarily provided by any market or exchange, but may be provided by market makers, and so prices may not be accurate and may differ from the actual price at any given market, meaning prices are indicative and not appropriate for trading purposes. Fusion Media and any provider of the data contained in this website will not accept liability for any loss or damage as a result of your trading, or your reliance on the information contained within this website.
It is prohibited to use, store, reproduce, display, modify, transmit or distribute the data contained in this website without the explicit prior written permission of Fusion Media and/or the data provider. All intellectual property rights are reserved by the providers and/or the exchange providing the data contained in this website.
Fusion Media may be compensated by the advertisers that appear on the website, based on your interaction with the advertisements or advertisers.
  • Sign up for FREE and get:
  • Real-Time Alerts
  • Advanced Portfolio Features
  • Personalized Charts
  • Fully-Synced App
Continue with Google
Sign up with Email