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Rising Recession Risk May Not Be Priced Into The Stock Market

By Michael KramerMarket OverviewMay 27, 2022 09:48
uk.investing.com/analysis/rising-recession-risk-may-not-be-priced-into-the-stock-market-200520179
Rising Recession Risk May Not Be Priced Into The Stock Market
By Michael Kramer   |  May 27, 2022 09:48
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This article was written exclusively for Investing.com

As we begin moving into the summer, there may be one more shoe to drop for markets as the risk of a recession rises. After all, the US first quarter real GDP was negative, and the odds of the second quarter real GDP being negative are rising too. The Atlanta Fed GDP Now model projects second quarter growth of 1.8%. But that number has been steadily trending lower, and with inflation running at 8%, it is not out of the realm of possibilities.

These rising fears of a recession are starting to weigh on markets too. Suddenly, the dollar has moved lower, while yields, including on the 10-year note, have stopped rising. Not only that but Eurodollar and Fed Fund Futures are now pricing in fewer rate hikes and the potential for the first rate cut to come by the summer of next year.

But at this point, at least earnings estimates for the S&P 500 are still holding up, and despite the PE ratio for the index dropping sharply, the index hasn't discounted a recession. Earnings estimates are up to $227.43 per share for 2022 and higher than the roughly $220 they stood out at the start of the year. While those earnings have leveled off, they have yet to show any sign of turning lower.

S&P 500 EPS Estimates
S&P 500 EPS Estimates

The yield curve has started to shift as rates turn lower. For example, the 2-year rate has dropped from around 2.8% to about 2.5%, while the 10-Year rate has fallen to 2.8% from approximately 3.2% in the past 2-weeks. Also, the dollar index has fallen notably to around 101.80 from a high of just over 105. Potential signs indicate the market is thinking about the increased risk of a US recession and lowering expectations for future Fed rate hikes.

There have even been downward shifts in the Eurodollar futures, which project fewer rate hikes, and the potential for the Fed to start cutting rates by the middle of next year. That is a massive change from those rates that stood just a few weeks ago. On Apr. 26, the Eurodollar futures contract for June 2023 stood around 3.38%. Today, those same contracts have a rate around 3.15%, nearly an entire rate hike less. Additionally, the Eurodollar futures contracts saw the first rate cut between June and September 2023. Now those odds have shifted to the potential between March and September 2023.

Eurodollar Futures
Eurodollar Futures

All of this shifting in the currency and rate markets has undoubtedly been felt by stocks, with the PE ratio of the S&P 500 dropping sharply in 2022 due to rising rates. This has resulted in the PE ratio dropping to around 17.2 when using the 12-month forward earnings estimates, down from 22.3 at the beginning of the year.

So, while the PE multiple of the index has contracted, the earnings estimates have not changed, which leaves two big potential problems for stocks. If the US economy does enter a recession, how far do earnings estimates need to fall, and if they do drop, how much lower will the PE ratio for the market fall?

S&P P/E Ratio
S&P P/E Ratio

For earnings estimates to hold up GDP can be negative in real terms but must avoid turning negative in nominal terms, which is certainly possible given the current high inflation rates. Since revenue and earnings are reported in nominal terms, it may be that the damage to earnings estimates is not as severe and that the declines are shallow. In which case, the market may be able to hold up at current levels.

This makes it very tricky times to be an investor.

Rising Recession Risk May Not Be Priced Into The Stock Market
 

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Rising Recession Risk May Not Be Priced Into The Stock Market

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Comments (8)
Amarjeet Singh
Amarjeet Singh May 28, 2022 15:46
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I think market will recover soon before Diwali
Deepak Shetty
Deepak Shetty May 28, 2022 12:01
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Thanks, it's better to be cautious 👍. It'll be good to see the analysis of real Real gdp growth vs rate of fiat currency printed since 2008.
Struan Malcolm
Struan Malcolm May 28, 2022 11:58
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The bigger issue with the article respectfully is we learn nothing new of substance. Its just a replay of some facts and a feeling. My personal view for what its worth is that we’ve been at peak bearish sentiment and may have seen a short term bottom into a strong summer rally. Time will tell.
Mukul Mukherjee
Mukul Mukherjee May 28, 2022 11:25
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you are right
Mukul Mukherjee
Mukul Mukherjee May 28, 2022 11:25
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you are right
Dweeptaru Das
Dweeptaru Das May 27, 2022 14:41
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why are u vexed against the share market so very much ?? when large experts are giving a probability of 50-50 to recession which is quite vague, why are u always writing articles to demoralise investors ?? I your negativity might due to some personal or family reasons but don't try to impose that and influence over investors. no one will buy your logic and graphs
Darren MNM
Darren_M May 27, 2022 14:41
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Another hodler, sheesh!
M Alkozai
M Alkozai May 27, 2022 12:26
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Always negative
Darren MNM
Darren_M May 27, 2022 12:26
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with good reason. Bear market rally inbound. Then Wallstreet will destroy those involved yet again. Forget recession and think liquidity. It's all the stock market cares about and it's being removed.
som sithy
som sithy May 27, 2022 9:53
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hello
 
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